Overpopulation: Pro-environmental Concerns
By- Ishansh Awasthi
“Anyone who believes in indefinite growth of something physically finite is insane”
India is the second-largest populated country in the world and according to recent studies, it is all set to surpass China as the World’s most populous nation by 2024. In this developing phase of India, the problem of overpopulation makes the poverty situation worse. Overpopulation acts as the major hindrance to the growth of the nation. Environmentalists and scientists suggest the impact of overpopulation on the environment and to mankind is alarming as it is creating overconsumption, excessive pollution, and a decrease in living standards. The overpopulation is exerting an ill impact on the growth of society as it is drowning in unemployment, poverty, scarcity, and depletion of natural resources.
In the present scenario of the Covid -19 pandemic, the densely populated areas are threatening the whole nation as a nightmare. No proper measures could be adopted by the people due to the scarcity of resources and unlimited wants. Though WHO prescribed the norm of one doctor per thousand, still there was only one doctor available for every 1,445 Indians. According to recent updates, India’s population will peak in the early 2060s at 1.7 billion, putting additional pressure on the environment and natural resources.
Facts about Overpopulation in India:
· India’s current population is 1.32 billion is set to reach 1.8 billion by 2050.
· Around 32 percent of the Indian population currently lives in urban areas, but this estimate could climb up to 50 percent in 2050.
· Delhi would be the second most populous city in the world by 2030
· India ought to be nearly one-sixth of the global population and one out of three people are living in global poverty.
· India is home to five megacities (city more than 10 million people) this number tends to increase by 2030.
Consequences of Overpopulation in India are-
· Unemployment: The vacancy rate in a populated country is negligible owing to which the problem of unemployment and disguised unemployment arise.
· Low living standards: The overpopulation gives rise to large families with low income reducing the standard of personal living.
· Deforestation: Owing to the lack of availability of shelter, people are cutting down the forest to build their residence.
· Environmental Pollution: Overpopulation creates a large waste leading to which the environment tends to pollute.
· Low Education Facility: The low income over a large family lacks the ability of parents to provide good education to their children.
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Measures to tackle overpopulation in India:
· Minimum age of Marriage: The problem of child marriage is highly prominent in India. A marriage at small age increases the timespan for giving birth.
· Spread of Education: Education changes the outlook of people, highly educated people prefer late marriage and adopt small family norm.
· Adoption: Adoption should be encouraged in society. It would bring a just balance in the population of the country.
· Legislative Action: There should be made a legal provision for preventing the population in the country. Strict actions are needed to curb this issue of concern in India.
To conclude this article, I would like to draw upon the attention of the readers towards the serious issue of “overpopulation” and the need for an hour to resolve this issue by practicing the preventive measures to tackle this issue otherwise the situation would become worse in the upcoming years. The whole world is suffering from a pandemic caused in the form of Covid 19 and in this situation, India is not ready for another epidemic in the form of – overpopulation. Hence, we all sincerely need to understand the depth of this issue and resolve it collectively.